Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is easily preventable, however if left untreated it can lead to more serious gum conditions, such as a gum infection, an abscess or periodontal disease.
What causes gingivitis?
Gingivitis is caused by a build-up of bacteria in the mouth due to poor oral hygiene habits. If plaque is not removed through regular brushing of the teeth, it hardens to form tartar, which becomes trapped at the base of the tooth and causes irritation and inflammation of the gums. In these conditions, an excess of bacteria quickly accumulates and gums can easily become infected, swollen and tender.
What are the symptoms of gingivitis?
Gingivitis can be easy to spot. Some of the warning signs include:
- Bleeding or swollen gums
- Bright red or purple appearance to gums
- Gums that are tender when touched
- Mouth sores
- Shiny appearance to gums
How can I prevent gingivitis?
The best prevention for gingivitis is good oral hygiene. By brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day, the plaque that causes gingivitis is effectively removed before it can create any problems. By visiting your dentist for regular six-monthly dental checkups and getting your teeth professionally cleaned, you can also be sure that your teeth and gums are as healthy as possible.
How can I treat gingivitis?
Gingivitis is often treated by reducing gum inflammation through regular professional cleans by a dentist or dental hygienist. This will involve various instruments to remove deposits from the teeth, and is a simple, safe and painless procedure. At home, it is important to continue regular brushing and flossing.
Your Dentists in Melbourne
MC Dental provides a range of dental services, from orthodontics to cosmetic dentistry and general dentistry, including the treatment and diagnosis of gingivitis. Extra efforts can also be made to cater for emergency dentist appointments.
The information contained on this website and websites linked to this website (Information) does not constitute or comprise comprehensive medical or dental advice. You should seek dental advice directly from your dentist before acting or relying on the Information.
First published: 06 November 2014