Fillings (dental restorations)
Fillings, also known as dental restoration, are used to restore teeth and treat dental decay especially in the molars (back teeth). Wear and tear is inevitable in back teeth as these teeth do most of the heavy chewing of food, however regular cleaning, check-ups and a healthy diet can help with the prevention of problems and decay.
Receiving one or multiple fillings is a simple and quick procedure that can be done in a single dental appointment. Your dentist or oral health professional will remove any decay in the affected area with a drill or instrument. The hole is then cleaned and dried, and sealed up with the filling material.
Types of fillings
Two types of fillings are used today; dental amalgam (metal alloy) or a tooth-coloured material. Other forms of fillings include gold or ceramic crowns, however these are a more expensive alternative.
Dental amalgam, often called ‘silver fillings’, is a metal alloy generally made up of mercury, silver and tin. It is an inexpensive filling option, however the filling has a grey or silver appearance and is much more visible in the mouth.
Dental amalgam is not suitable for the following type of patients, and should be avoided:
People with kidney disease
While no current scientific evidence links dental amalgam to ill health or birth defects, our recommendations are made for precautionary reasons.
Tooth-coloured (white) fillings have been used in front teeth restoration for cosmetic reasons for many years. Today it is widely used for the treatment of back teeth, and has become a more widely used alternative to dental amalgam.
Regular dental check-ups will ensure any problems are identified and treated early. Call MC Dental today for an appointment on (03) 8608 8968 to see one of our experienced dentists.
Gum disease (as known as periodontal disease) is the inflammation and infection of the gum and the supporting structures of the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in our population, and is caused by bacteria in the form of plaque.
Smoking is one of the major risk factors of gum disease, but it can also be complicated by other conditions such as diabetes, stress, oral hygiene and various medications.
There are two common types of gum disease, including:
Gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition of the gum caused by bacteria in plaque and calculus. It can be treated successfully by the removal of the plaque and calculus, followed by thorough brushing and flossing every day.
This is an advanced stage of gingivitis. Gum pockets are formed and gums may recede from the teeth. Consequently, the teeth can become loose, fall out or require extraction by a dentist. Many teeth can be lost though periodontitis, so early detection is important.
Treatment of gum disease
Treatment of gum disease can stop or slow down the progression of disease, and typically involves:
- Professional cleaning of the teeth above and below the gum line (into the pockets) to remove the plaque and hard deposits (calculus / tartar)
- Regular dental check-ups to monitor the treatment of the disease
- Removing risk factors such as smoking
- Excellent oral hygiene maintained daily with correct brushing and flossing
As gum diseases can reoccur, maintenance therapy that follows treatment is the most important step in preventing the return of the gum disease. Your dentist will work with you to prevent, monitor and control the gum disease.
Call MC Dental today on (03) 8608 8968 if you think you might be suffering from gum disease, and to book an appointment with one of our experienced dentists.
Root canal treatment (also known as endodontic treatment) is the removal of a tooth’s damaged or infected pulp or nerve. Once removed, the root canal pulp is cleaned, shaped, filled and sealed. If damaged, infected or dead pulp is left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the surrounding bone and cause acute pain.
Years ago, teeth with diseased or injured pulps were removed entirely. Today, root canal treatment has saved many teeth that would otherwise be lost.
Common causes of damaged or infected tooth pulp
The most common causes of damaged or dead pulp include a crack in the tooth, a naturally deep tooth cavity or an injury to a tooth (such as a severe knock to the tooth – either recent or in the past). Severe or untreated dental decay, advanced gum disease and habitual tooth grinding (bruxism) could also lead to damaged or infected tooth pulp.
Symptoms of damage
Diseased tooth pulp may cause inflammation or infection and you may experience:
- Spontaneous pain in the tooth
- Sensitivity to hot or cold food and drink
- Loosening of the tooth
- Pain when chewing or biting
- Swelling of gum around the affected tooth
- Emission of pus around the affected tooth
- Swelling of the face or jaw
Steps involved in root canal treatment
Dentist will examine and take a radiograph (x-ray) to assess the tooth. Once the tooth is a suitable candidate to perform root canal treatment. The dentist will anaesthetise the tooth.
An opening through the crown of the tooth into the pulp. The dentist will use small fine instruments (known as files) to remove the infected/inflamed pulp.
The files will further shape and prepare the pulp chamber and root canals for filling. At the same time, the dentist will use antibacterial solution to irrigate the pulp chamber and root canals as well.
Once the space is prepared and cleaned, the dentist will use a rubber-like filling (known as “gutta-percha”) to fill the root canal spaces. The canals will be filled with gutta-percha and an adhesive cement to seal the spaces off completely.
Once the root canal therapy is completed, the dentist will either place a crown or restoration over the tooth, depending on the tooth condition. This will protect and restore the tooth to its full function and aesthetics.
Root canal treatment consists of several steps of care so we generally recommend 2 to 3 appointments to complete a root canal.
Dental care for children
Dental health is very important from an early age. It is recommended that children come in for their first dental visit at around 2 years of age. Aside from early diagnosis and prevention of oral disease, it is a fantastic opportunity for the child to become familiar with their family dentist and clinic, making future visits less daunting.
Looking after your child’s teeth from very young age will make a big difference to your child’s teeth in the future. They need to learn how to clean them, and how to protect them from things that could harm their teeth.
Here is a brief snapshot on what dental care you should provide your child from birth to 18 years of age:
Under 18 months of age
Child doesn’t require the use of toothpaste
Enough fluoride will be obtained through food and water
Front teeth will be developing – if your child swallows fluoride toothpaste they might develop white flecks on their adult teeth.
Ask your dentist if your area of residence that does not provide fluoridated water.
18 months – 5 years
Use low-fluoride toothpaste
Use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste in the morning & last thing before bed
Toothpaste should be kept out of reach of the child to avoid accidental swallowing large amounts
6 years – 18 years (and adults)
Use a pea-sized amount of adult toothpaste
Select a toothpaste that suits your taste and budget.
Speak to your dentist about your child’s fluoride toothpaste needs
At MC Dental, we work with parents to ensure their children get regular dental check-ups, are educated about oral health care and develop healthy dental habits. We also will ensure your child’s first and subsequent visits to the clinic is as comfortable and easy as possible for both you and the child.
We understand that not everyone enjoys a trip to the dentist. For some patients, it can be a scary and anxious experience.
At MC Dental we pride ourselves on customer service. Our staff including dentists, nurses and receptionists are all very compassionate, caring and friendly. We aim to make every patient feel safe, comfortable and relaxed throughout every appointment.
All of are staff have experience with nervous patients so we like to treat our patients the same way we would like our own friends or family.
We help our patients make the experience as comfortable as possible by offering:
- A calm environment
- More time at each appointments to avoid rushing
- TV and music to distract and calm you
- Sympathetic and gentle care
If you are a nervous or anxious patient, talk to us about making your appointment as comfortable as possible by calling (03) 8608 8968.
We will always try to see patients as soon as possible if they have tooth pain.
Symptoms & Diagnosis
At every appointment a dentist performs a routine check to assess the health of your teeth and try to detect issues at an early stage. Your dentist may recommend x-rays. X-rays help a dentist see what’s going on beneath the gum-line and get a complete picture of the health of your mouth.
Echocardiography – $250
Implantable Cardiac Monitor (ICM) – $150
Treadmill stress testing – $300
Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) – $115
Pacemaker checks– $333
Electrophysiology – $258
Holter monitoring – $464
Echocardiography – $111
Implantable Cardiac Monitor (ICM) – $120
Treadmill stress testing – $600
Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) – $752
Pacemaker checks– $621
Electrophysiology – $456
Holter monitoring – $250
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